What Types of Technology does "Information Technology" Include?
August 2, 2012
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Information technology is a broad field with a vague definition—it generally refers to any type of technology we use to communicate. So what types of technology does “information technology” include?
To establish exactly what types of technology are part of the IT field, it helps to understand an information technology specialist’s duties. This can be tricky because information technology includes many specializations, and an IT professional’s duties can vary widely depending on their particular workplace, position, and location.
However, knowing how IT professionals work with technology helps narrow down the types of technology referred to by “IT.” Here are some of the possible duties that an information technology specialist may have in the professional world.
- Installing and uninstalling software
- Troubleshooting, diagnosing, and repairing computers
- Designing, building, and upgrading computers
- Establishing and managing computer networks
- Developing and maintaining databases
- Helping people use computers and other technology effectively
From this list of potential responsibilities, it’s clear that IT includes a wide range of technologies. These include hardware, from computer parts to entire computers, and software, ranging from Internet browsers to antivirus programs. Beyond hardware and software, information technology also deals with the Internet and web development.
Knowing that information technologies depend on scale helps simplify its definition. An IT specialist can work on the internal workings of a single computer or coordinate a vast network of connected computers. Because information technology reaches so far, there are many specialized information technology degrees offered, such as networking, information systems, programming, and more.
Start learning how to work with information technologies hands-on by enrolling in an information technology or networking degree program. Discover how networking courses could help you develop marketable skills.